Module 2 Chapter 4

Quilting Quests 3  Section A Hand Quilting

Hand quilting is my favoured way of quilting, I find I have more control over my piece of work and I think the outcome is much more pleasing to the eye. I also find machine quilting to pucker even when using a walking foot. This may be more to do with my machine than the act of machine quilting itself.

Task 1

For this task I used three of my small transfer fabrics from the previous chapter, as top layers. I used a light weight natural wadding for the middle and fine cotton for the back of the quilt sandwich.

I sometimes tack the sandwich in place and sometimes use quilting safely pins, I used both these methods on different pieces of work.

 

I used outline quilting on the first piece, for the second piece I quilted on the outside of two circles and the inside of two and on the third piece I stitched in the spaces between the lines

 

Journey: this refers to the ‘route’ of a drawn or stitched line. Either travelling along a quilting line from one part of a pattern to another, or by choosing a straight/horizontal/vertical or diagonal passage to stitch along.

I had never heard this quilting term used before

Task 2

I was asked to produce two or more small samples of echo quilting using fabrics which I had designed in the previous chapter

Echo quilting uses two or more parallel lines and echo’s the shapes of the patchwork or applique but in this case the stencilled edges have been echoed.

To carry out the quilting I used two threads of embroidery silk in co-ordinating colours.

 

Complementary Colours

In chapter 1 we looked at colour wheels and which colours complement each other. As in my stitching for task 2 I used thread to complement the colours of my stencilled fabric.

For Task 3 I was asked to fill a page in my coursework book with four photo’s showing colours which complement each other.

task 3

 

Task 4

For this task I used a mono printed piece of fabric from a previous chapter and stitched in the spaces between the pattern. I chose red embroidery silk to stitch with to complement the green fabric paint which I used in the mono print process. The pattern in the paint was made by me using the edge of a wooden clothes peg and as I wiped this through the paint it formed a calligraphy type pattern giving a shadow effect. I stitched along only one side of the quilting journey to help enhance the shadow.

4

25

26

Template Quilting Designs

 Task 5

For this task I searched through my research photos and magazine cuttings and found a picture of a leaf which I chose to make a card template from.

I enlarged the outline of the leaf by drawing it freehand onto card which I then cut out. I lay this template on paper and by positioning it in different ways I produced four different quilting designs for Task 6 I then mounted this sheet into my coursework book

 

 

Task 7

For this task I produced a quilted sample using my chosen template design.   I chose patterned fabric as asked,  in a mustard colour with a rust colour embroidery thread for the stitching. I drew around the template with a fabric pencil and stitched on the lines. I was half way through the stitching when I remembered that I was going to use a thicker and polyester wadding to bring a puffier effect, but instead had used a lighter weight natural wadding, as is my usual preferred choice.  So I will use the polyester on my Xtra piece

task 7 a

task 7b

task 7c

Section B: Machine Quilting

Method 1: On the Design Line

Task 8

For this task I chose two pieces of my designed fabrics from a previous chapter to produce machine ‘on the line’ quilting samples

 

I prepared these pieces into quilt sandwiches as before, chose complementary threads for stitching and used the walking foot on my machine. I followed the decorative lines printed on the fabrics. I enjoyed this task and was happy with the outcome.

 

Method 2: Outline Quilting

Task 9

For this task I used two fabric paint printed fabrics and stitched parallels to the stitching journey, firstly through the centre of the circles and then along the pale blue lines and one masking tape designed fabric where I stitched along the edge of the pattern

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11

8

Task 10

I used seamed blocks from Module 1 To produce two samples of quilting ‘in the ditch’. One of these I missed the ‘ditch’ in part and so I did another one as well.

In order to do this task I made the quilt sandwiches as before, using a four-patch block, a tapered sample and a strip sample. To stitch ‘in the ditch’ I needed to make sure the seams had been pressed well and with the RS of the fabric towards me I positioned the presser foot so that the needle would fall directly into the seam by spreading the fabric a little with my hands on either side of the seam.

16

15 (1)

13

Xtra

I have hardly tried any of the automatic stitches on my machine and so decided to go ahead with the Xtra option.

I used one of my sample blocks made with inverted seams and tried out three different stitches using a complementary coloured thread and heavier weight polyester wadding. I really like the finished piece 😊although will no doubt revert back to my favoured wadding for quilts in the future.

 

task 2 workbook

Module 2 Chapter 3

Chasing Lines – Man made Structures

For this chapter I will be looking at linear and interesting shapes in my environment and using images from my collection of photographs and magazine cuttings.

Task 1

For this task I gathered together pictures that show strong lines within structures and bold shapes.task1

Task 2

For this task I selected 8 images and mounted them together into my cutting board, this collage was a little too big to fit into my course book so I photographed it and have stuck that into my book. I have also used some of these images for following tasks and have stuck the original pictures in where I have used them.

task 1b

Decorative Papers & Fabrics

Task 3

For this task I was asked to use Edge Stencilling technique with coloured oil pastels and fabric crayons

I laid down newspaper to protect my surface and chose 2/3 colours for each piece, using cartridge paper and calico.

The technique required me to cut strips of stiff paper and to thickly colour the edge of these strips with the coloured crayons. I taped the paper/calico to my cutting board with masking tape, then holding the strip onto those background pieces and I used my fingers to press down and slide the strips across the background, causing the strip to leave a stronger colour to begin with, gradually fading to a lighter shade.

 

task 4

I used further strips of stiff paper to add different colours and place them in different positions on the background, using the same technique to make more marks.

I chose one of my earlier images and with Edge Stenciling reproduced that image onto pieces of cartridge paper and calico

task3

 

I chose colours next to each other on the colour wheel plus a contrasting colour.

task3b

 

Task 4

For this task I was asked to choose an image with curved lines to edge stencil colour onto a background of paper and calico

task 4a

 

To make the curved stencil I drew partially around a small bowl then echoed this line by drawing, freehand, another line, cutting the curve out and then coating the edges with colour.

 

 

Method 2

Producing Decorative Fabrics with Masking Tape and Fabric Paints

Task 5

For this task I was asked to produce 2 or more decorative fabric examples using calico, masking tape and diluted fabric paints

I chose two images from my collection. I needed to use pictures containing straight lines and so I found one with ladders and the other of a kitchen ceiling with beams.

I cut two pieces of calico and chose two colours for one design and three colours for the other design.

I put newspaper onto my work surface, lay the fabric on top and applied the masking tape to reflect the lines in the pictures.

task5 c

 

I started with the ladder picture, applied masking tape followed by the lightest colour, yellow, then after applying more tape I added the darker colour of red. The two colours blended in places to produce orange. I wasn’t entirely happy with the result, I found that the watered-down paint spread under the tape and so the result was more of wobbly lines in places rather than crisp straight lines. I didn’t add a third colour to this piece as I thought the result would be too messy.

 

task 5l

 

For the second design, I chose the kitchen ceiling image.

task5 b

I applied the tape in the same way as my previous piece, beginning with white paint, followed by blue and then finally aqua which I made from mixing blue and green.  I used slightly thicker paint which gave a better result although it still spread in places.

 

task 5m

After finishing each piece, I sandwiched them between baking parchment and ironed over to fix the paint.

 

Decorative Papers using Transfer Crayons and Rubbings

Task 6

For this task I was required to use transfer crayons to produce surface decoration rubbings on paper. I produced several small trial examples and then chose two of these to reproduce onto larger paper (A4)

The surfaces I chose were, wire baking rack, radiator grid, rubber bathroom floor tiles and the top of a Lloyd Loom laundry basket and a wicker shopping basket.

I used transfer paper to begin with but as these didn’t transfer well onto fabric, I tried again using computer paper which I found worked better.

I took the rubbings and over lapped with a different colour and position onto the same paper with most of the rubbings. I then cropped the paper rubbings to neaten the edges of the patterns.

task6a

 

From top left

rubber bathroom floor tile, wicker basket, radiator grid, top of Lloyd Loom laundry basket and wire baking rack

 

Task 7

Decorative Papers with Transfer Crayons and Outlines

For this task I was asked to produce several trail examples and to select two of my favourites to make into A4 examples

I chose an iron, the bottom of a triangular grater and the top and bottom of a glass, the bottom being hexagonal and top circular. As I had made these examples on transfer paper and once again they didn’t transfer onto the fabric well, I decided to leave out the shapes from the glass and re drew the others onto computer paper.

I drew around the shapes with a pencil to begin with and then went over the lines with the crayons. I overlapped the shapes to produce linear designs.

I will choose my favourites to stitch later.

 

Task 8

Decorative Papers using Transfer Paints

For this task I was asked to use man made items to make marks with transfer paints onto paper by producing trial examples and choosing two to reproduce into larger examples.

I lay newspaper onto my work surface, set up my brushes, water, pallet and items to print with.  I used a pastry cutter, the prongs of a large plastic kitchen fork, the bristles of a vegetable brush and a wooden clothes peg.

task8a.jpg

 

Task 9

Transferring Crayon/Paint Paper Designs to Synthetic Fabrics

I was looking forward to this task but will admit to being a bit disappointed with my results.

I chose a three synthetic fabrics from my collection, polycotton, polyester and a polycotton with satin finish.

To transfer I lay a piece of cardboard onto my ironing board, turned the iron on to non-steam

I placed the fabric RS facing up, onto the card, lay the paper, design facing down onto the fabric, lay a piece of parchment on top and then applied heat with a hot iron.

task9f.jpg

I kept checking the corners to see if it had worked but found the results really weren’t very successful. I removed the parchment and ironed directly onto the back of the paper and this worked a little better, although still not great.

task9m

I have used coloured background fabrics for some of my examples.

task9g

task9a

task9c

task9b

 

I have mounted some trial examples of my work from this chapter in my course book and kept some back for hand quilting in chapter 4. I was getting a bit confused with which pieces I am supposed to be saving for use later in Module 2 and which for                 Module 3 so I hope I have them all. I have had a read through Chapter 4 and am looking forward to getting started on it 🙂

Module 2 Chapter 2

Curvilinear Journeys

Section A Lines and Patterns

For this chapter I have been asked to look closely at the patterns made by lines in some of my collection of natural images and objects

Task 1

This task asked me to make several line drawings with a variety of natural form shapes.

I hand drew my objects, a cedar rose, a sea shell, a pine cone and large pebble from the beach.

Task 2

This task asked me to pick out the prominent details from my natural objects and draw them in black, I used a fine liner and drew them by hand.

 

Drawing with ‘dry’ materials

For this I referred to chapter 1 and used 3 images that I had used before. I glued the images down the centre of the page and drew the images down each side. On the left I used a fine liner for each image and on the right I used a variety of ‘dry’ mark-making tools.

Task 3

First image a charcoal pencil, second image a black pencil crayon and the third image an italic pen. These produced a variety of lines, curved, wavy, straight and both fine and thicker lines.  Due to the nature of my chosen images, I could concentrate on inner and outer lines.

3 images

 

Task 4

This task required the use of a variety of ‘wet’ drawing materials to produce 4 x A5 contrasting line designs on paper, dark lines which show up against a light coloured background.

task 4 cedar rose

First image I used the cedar rose, painted black water colour paint onto the centre and rolled it onto the paper to print the pattern

 

task 4 pine

Second image I used a photo that I had taken of a type of pine tree, I used a glue spatula and black water colour paint to transfer the shape of sharp needles onto the paper

 

task 4 compound

Third image This photo is taken from a magazine, I used a paintbrush and black ink to replicate the smaller parts of a compound leaf.

 

task 4 lemon

Fourth image  This image of lemons was also taken from a magazine, I sliced a lemon in half and using green acrylic paint I printed the inside flesh of the lemon onto the paper.

 

Make patterns with a variety of mark making tools and fabric paints

 Task 5

For this task I was asked to produce 4 test pieces made from using fabric, fabric paint and mark making tools, making marks which reflect natural form details.  I ended up making 5 as I didn’t read the instructions properly and missed out the first experiment where I was asked to completely cover the background with one colour.

I used four post card sized pieces of calico and two different pairs of colours for each piece.

 

yellow

For the first sample, I painted the whole piece yellow and then dipped the edge of a shell into red fabric paint and printed this shape all over the yellow background.

 

For the second sample,  (bottom left in both images) I painted a group of three leaves with green fabric paint and printed these leaves over the fabric I then used the cedar rose from a previous task, painted it with yellow paint and printed it over the leaves

For the third sample, (top left in both images) I used the shell again, dipped it into blue paint and printed the fabric, then mixing blue and red paint and making purple I used a glue spatula and painted a pattern over the shell print.

For the fourth sample, (bottom right in both images) I used the end of a cork, dipped it into the yellow paint and printed over the fabric, then painting the edge of the large pebble from an earlier task I made a trellis work pattern by printing the pebble onto the cork background

For the fifth sample, (top right in both images) I painted a fir cone from a previous task with orange paint, mixed from red and yellow, and then rolled the cone across the calico. I then dipped the end of an old cotton reel into the green paint and stamped a pattern across the cone pattern.

 

After finishing these samples, I then chose two that I thought produced the best finish.

I really liked the leaf with cedar rose print and the fir cone with cotton reel print so I reproduced both of those onto A4 pieces of calico

 

Task 6

For this task I was asked to produce 6 test pieces and then 2 x A4 fabric mono-prints

The examples need to have a selection of integrated and linear lines using a range of colours.

To produce these Mono Prints I used old baking trays, fabric paints and calico. I used a range of mark-making tools, the end of a paint brush, a cotton reel, a glue spreader and the tip of a pen.

I spread fabric paint onto the baking tray using a sponge ended ‘brush’ and a paint brush, from the test pieces you can see that the sponge worked the best without leaving brush strokes. (red and yellow test pieces)

I then made a pattern into the paint with a mark-making tool, lay the fabric onto the paint, gently pressed down with my hands and then peeled the fabric off to reveal the mono print on the underside of the fabric.

 

 Two-colour mono-prints

Task 7

For this task, I was asked to produce at least 2 x A4 two-colour prints using different background fabrics. I made two with calico and one with grey and white ticking fabric.

To do this I covered two baking trays with different colour paints, making a different pattern in each with my mark-making tools.

For the first print, I used red paint for the base pattern, made wavy lines with a paint brush to give the effect of a plant. I lay the calico onto this and pressed gently with my hands. I left that to dry a bit before putting green paint onto the other tray in the same way, using a cotton reel to make a pattern across the ‘plant’ giving the effect of leaves. I then lay the calico onto that tray and the green pattern printed over the red.

 

For the second print, I covered the tray with blue paint, I used the fir cone and rolled it across the paint, giving the effect of sea water, I lay a fresh piece of calico onto it as before. I then spread yellow paint across the second tray and used the tip of a wooden clothes peg to make a trellis pattern across it then lay the calico onto it giving the effect of a fishing net on top of the sea water.

tsk7e

For the third print, I spread green paint across the tray, as I did this some yellow paint which hadn’t completely mixed in showed a little and so I decided not to add another colour. I used the end of the peg again and as I twisted this from side to side it gave the effect of an italic pen, which I think looks quite good.

 

 

City & Guilds Level 1 certificate Patchwork and Quilting Module 2: Twists Twirls & Swirls

Module 2 is all about creativity and is to encourage me to look afresh at line, shape, texture and colour. For someone who likes to use plain fabrics with just a dash of pattern, this will be a challenge but one that I am definitely up for.

Chapter 1 is taking me into the natural world, which I love and am looking forward to exploring more to relate it to my patchwork.

Chapter 1

A Wealth of Colour

Task 1

For this task, I was asked to gather together images which reflect a variety of colours and fill a page in my coursework book with a range of these images.

I chose flowers and leaves; these images are collected from photographs that I have taken and from magazine cuttings.

task 1 a

This first page shows a selection of natural images, mostly flowers, but also some leaves, in a variety of warm colours and natural shapes.

Task 2

I was asked to fill at least one page of my coursework book with categories of images

task 2 a

This page shows a selection of images grouped together according to colour and species I chose leaves.  I enjoy looking at leaves, I like the natural colour of green and am amazed at the huge variety of shapes, sizes and colours on this page alone.

task 2 b

This page shows a selection of flowers. The hydrangea photo is taken in my daughter’s garden which is full of these beautiful plants, in all different colours. The red rose photo is taken in a friend’s garden and the other pictures taken from magazine. The pictures show an array of  colour, shape and size.

Task 3

For this task I was asked to produce a paper collage by tearing or cutting papers into small pieces.

I used green papers and my grouped images of leaves as a guide. Using a variety of shades of green, some plain and some with patterns on. I found this task quite satisfying, I enjoy choosing colours for my quilts and am quite fussy about which colours to put together. Using different shades of one colour is quite a challenge.

task 3

Task 4

For this task I was asked to produce 2 more examples using different colours and different techniques.

The first example I used purple papers and papers with purple in the pattern, I cut these into strips and wove them together, spreading PVA glue along the top of backing paper, sticking down the tops of the vertical strips, weaving the horizontal strips into these and then gluing the bottom and side ends to the backing paper.  This is a great way of seeing how different patterns/colours blend together.

task 4 a

For the second example I tore strips of different shades of blue paper, spread glue across the backing paper and then lay the strips horizontally onto it.  Although these strips has rough edges to them, I feel that they show a clearer  and less fussy example of how different shades/patterns blend together.

task 4b

Colour Diagrams

For the following tasks I am looking at ‘how to create harmonious and exciting colour schemes in textiles’. In order to do this I have been asked to look at the composition of the basic Colour Wheel.

The Primary colour wheel on the left, contains red, blue and yellow. These colours cannot be made up from other colours

The Primary & Secondary colour wheel on the right, shows the 3 primary colours and in between each are the 3 secondary colours which can be made when equal parts of two primary colours are mixed together

Red & Blue = Purple                 Blue & Yellow = Green                       Yellow & Red = Orange

Task 5

For this task I was asked to use fabric paints to produce a simple colour diagram, painting the primary and secondary colours onto calico fabric.

I cut squares of calico, taped them to my work bench with masking tape to prevent fabric from slipping.

Task 6

For this task I was asked to blend the primaries to produce secondary colours by painting four stripes, red, yellow, blue and red again onto calico and then before the paint had time to dry I used clean water to blend the colours by painting water down between each stripe. I tried this task twice as the paint dries quite fast. I probably should have made the original stripes thicker by using more paint.

 

Limited colour schemes found in nature

When I make quilts I do usually limit my colours, I may use more shades of each colour but I prefer to use less colours to create a less busy result.

Task 7

For this task I was asked to create some limited colour schemes myself by looking closely at images from nature, identifying all the main colours and then picking just three of those colours, the one standing out the most, a really dark colour and then one in between.

papers

I chose three images from my collection of photos and magazine cuttings. I went through my cuttings and pieces of fabric/ribbon to find pieces that matched the colours in the image, I also used some fabric paints. The following three pictures show my results

task 7 a

This image is of stones and leaves in a water, I think the blue is from the sky reflecting into the water, I didnt find it so easy to focus on three limited colours but I enjoyed finding paper to match what I saw in the image.

task 7 b

I was quite excited when I found some gold ribbon in my tin to match the gold in the top right hand corner of this image and I found it easier to pick out three main colours.

task 7 c

I liked the colours in this image of leaves and berries which is why I chose it, but once again I found it quite hard to limit it to three main colours.

 

Health & Safety, Time & Cost Module 1

 

Health & Safety Rules Observed Module 1

I have my sewing studio set up in a small bedroom and have been using this as both a work room and study.

My sewing machine is situated on a table under the window giving plenty of work area and light.

The electric lead runs under the back of the table to the socket and is well away from the walk way.

I store fabrics and other materials on shelves and in drawers in the same room and in a big chest of drawers on the landing space outside the bedroom, the chest of drawers doubles up as a cutting table and where I iron fabric to use. There is plenty of light in this area and a socket for the iron.

As I suffer with back problems I am constantly aware of posture whilst measuring, cutting and sewing.

I keep all scissors and rotary cutters and blades in a metal storage tray on the chest of drawers where I cut fabric. My cutting mats are on top of this chest.

I often have grandchildren visit and so am aware of moving these items into my studio when they are around.

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Time Log for Module 1

Date Activity/Chapter Approximate time spent
28/9/16 Chap 1 gathering fabric

Tasks 1,2,3

2.5 hrs
5/10/16 Marker test task6 1 hr
19/10/16 Task4 30 mins
20/10/16 Tasks 5,6 1 hr
  Upload to blog 1 hr
23/11/16 Chap 2 task 1,2 1 hr
24/11/16 Task 1,2 45 mins
19/12/16 Task 3, 4, 5 1.45 hrs
20/12/16 Task 6,7 2 hrs
21/12/16 Task 8,9 1.45
22/12/16 Blog chap 2 2.15
6/1/17 Chap 3 sort fabric, iron fabric, read thru chap 3 1.40
10/1/17 Photograph, prep fabric, rotary cutting fabric & paper 1.30
  Write up 3 hrs
12/1/17 P45-55 & write up 3 hrs
13/1/17 Finish off 2 hrs
14/1/17 Complete course book post on blog 5 hrs
18/1/17 Chap 4- whole chapter, do work, write up, blog and complete course book 5.5 hrs
20/1/17 Chap 5, task1 + write up 2 hrs
21/1/17 Task 2,3,4 + write up 6 hrs
22/1/17 Task 5,6,7 + write up 4 hrs
25/1/17 Finish writing up, printing photos and mounting all in course book 3 hrs
27/1/17 Blog chap 5 1 hr
5/3/17 Chap 6, carry out, mount work and photos in book, blog 4 hrs
     
     

                      Cost Sheet

Date Item Supplier Cost of item Amount used Estimated cost
24/9/16 Marking pens Berkhamsted Arts      
  Paper        
  Sketch book     whole book  
  glues   Total £28.44   £28.44
30/9/16 Tailors chalk Merchant & Mills     £2.00

 

Module 1 Chapter 6

Quilting Quests 2

Introduction to Machine Quilting

Task 1

For this task I was asked to use the four square blocks I made in a previous chapter and using my machine, I carried out both Outline and Selective quilting.

I have never really enjoyed machine quilting in the past, even though I use a walking foot, I find on bigger items the fabric still puckers. I didn’t have a problem with these small blocks but I was using quilting thread which I have never used on my machine before, maybe this made a difference?

  1. Outline

For this block I didn’t mark the fabric but used my presser foot as a guide alongside the seams

  1. Selective

For this block I used an HB pencil to mark the diagonal lines to quilt along

Task 2

Test Pieces: Fill an A4 page on your course book with small test pieces, each showing a different repeat pattern

patterns

When quilting, I prefer straight lined patterns to anything with a curve in it. I have recently seen a plain whole cloth cushion cover by Lindsay Stead (see photo below) having triangles picked out by just the stitches, so it looks like patches made up with stitches and is most effective.

lindsay-stead-quilts

Task 3

For this task I was asked to make up a four square block in 3”x 3” squares, then quilt this block using the presser foot for a guide to keep lines straight and equidistance apart

 

Task 4

For this talk I made an identical block. I made a wavy template from card, drawing the waves freehand, and then using the template to repeat these lines throughout the block

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XTRA

I had one 4 square block left from a previous chapter and so used this to rotate a curves line pattern onto opposite plain squares, leaving the opposite patterned squares unquilted.

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Evaluation of Module 1

So I have come to the end of Level 1 Module 1 and have really enjoyed the challenge. It all did get a little hectic around Christmas, New Year and our February trip to South Africa, but I have finished and look forward to starting the next Module.

As I look over my course book I enjoyed getting together all the pieces of equipment that I would need over the following months, I did have most of the requirements but realised there were other tools out there that would come in handy. I am a fabric hoarder but had never thought about using different papers to plan out ideas. While carrying out the ‘cutting, pressing, scrunching’ table I realised that these are actions which I carry out without thinking when choosing fabrics to use, the same goes for choosing colours and patterns, I lay them alongside each other and pick those that look best together.

I enjoyed making the 4 square blocks and found my tutors feedback helpful, especially when I was asked to repeat the task using the 3 pin method when holding the squares together to sew.

I particularly enjoyed chapter 3, using the rotary cutter. I have used one for years but it was good to carry out different tasks with it.

To be honest, Chapter 4 was probably my least favourite, it was interesting to try the different applique methods but none of which would I use in the future, I don’t think.

I do love hand quilting so Chapter 5 was a hit for me and I enjoyed adding pieces of old blanket into my work. As I have said, I don’t really like machine quilting but I was pleasantly surprised at how I got into the final chapter. I don’t think I will ever use my machine for most of my quilting but I do appreciate how difficult it is and admire those who produce beautifully machine quilted items

Module 1 Chapter 5

Quilting Quests 1

At last, time to get into some hand quilting my favourite part!

I have a good collection of fabrics and waddings etc in my sewing room to carry out the tasks in this chapter.

XTRA

It was suggested that I make up some more ‘quilts’ using less conventional fabrics.

I used bubble wrap, plastic and brown paper, before drawing lines on and hand quilting through using fine crochet thread. This was an interesting experiment and something I hadn’t tried before. Not so easy to sew through and keep stitches small but I think I managed to keep them all quite regular in size.

Task 1

Making up Quilt Sandwich

I have used a plain dark blue top, medium weight polyester wadding and white cotton backing for this test sample.

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Task 2

Multi Choice Sandwich Selection

I chose 4 different coloured plain cotton fabrics for the quilt sandwich tops, thin white cotton for the backs and different fabrics for the wadding. 100% cotton wadding, polyester wadding, cotton fleece fabric and a piece of checked old Welsh woollen blanket.

I cut each of the top and wadding fabrics into A4 size and the backing pieces 1” bigger all around.

I then pinned the layers together with curved quilters safety pins before tacking. I would normally just use the pins but with needing to mark the quilting lines onto the fabric later, the tacking made it easier to draw the lines flat onto the fabric without the pins getting in the way.

When I took quilting courses years ago, I was taught to hand quilt the same way as suggested here in the course instruction book. To knot the thread, entering the sandwich about an inch away from my starting point and enter by the top. Gently tug the knot through the top layer and wadding and up to the first stitch. The finishing instructions are also the same as I have been taught in the past, make a back stitch, bringing the needle up through the wadding and top layer, making a knot to pull through.

I used the navy sample to stitch using different distances between the rows of stitching. I drew lines on the top using a ruler and white chalk pen, marking two lines 1” apart and two 11/2” apart

3a

Task 3

For this task I was asked to use one of my previously made 4-patch blocks and make it into a quilting sandwich, hand quilting the areas with Outline Quilting, stitching ¼” away from the seams and hoping to avoid stitching through the seam allowance. I did draw the line onto the fabric using a ruler and HB pencil, although usually I wouldn’t bother doing this and just use my eye.

workbook2

Task 4

For this task I used another of my 4-square blocks, making it into a sandwich and using Selective Quilting, I hand quilting across the centre of blocks in diagonal lines

 

Task 5

For this task I was asked to produce an A4 sheet of experimental geometric quilting designs

I used mostly squares, laying them differently to produce diamonds and I used parallelograms.

designs

 

Tasks 6 & 7

Marking fabrics then hand quilting, using dark and light fabrics

I continued with two of my sample quilts, marking quilting lines on each using one of my previously made templates.  On the light calico top I marked the lines with a sharp HB pencil and on the darker blue fabric I used a white chalk pen to mark

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I found marking with the HB pencil so much easier than the chalk pen which had a rolling wheel through which the chalk flowed. This wheel was a little tricky to keep against the template although it was easy to brush off after I had finished the quilting.

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I then hand quilted both these quilts samples, for the calico I stitched with grey quilting thread and for the blue fabric I stitched with very fine ecru crochet thread.

backThe bottom photo shows stitching on the reverse of the quilt

I always find hand quilting relaxing and satisfying and quilting such a small project made keeping the stitches small and regular so much easier than a big project.

The light calico topped quilt has 100% natural wadding in it and the blue topped quilt has the Welsh woollen blanket wadding in it. Both were easy to hand stitch through, the natural wadding being a little thinner and so the stitches were easier to keep small. Using the fine crochet thread is a little like Sashiko quilting and I was tempted to use a Sashiko needle which is longer than a regular quilting needle, but decided against it.

Note:  Sashiko (刺し子?, literally “little stabs”) is a form of decorative reinforcement stitching (or functional embroidery) from Japan Traditionally used to reinforce points of wear or to repair worn places or tears with patches, this running stitch technique is often used for purely decorative purposes in quilting and embroidery. The white cotton thread on the traditional indigo blue cloth gives sashiko its distinctive appearance, though decorative items sometimes use red thread.